NHS Health Checks

What is an NHS Health Check?


The NHS Health Check is a sophisticated check of your heart health. Aimed at adults in England aged 40 to 74, it checks your vascular or circulatory health and works out your risk of developing some of the most disabling – but preventable – illnesses.

Think of your NHS Health Check as being your 'midlife MOT'. It checks that some of your body's most important systems are all running smoothly.  Among other things, your blood pressure, cholesterol, and BMI will all be checked and your results given to you. 

Crucially, your NHS Health Check can detect potential problems before they do real damage. Everyone is at risk of developing heart disease, stroke, diabetes, kidney disease and some forms of dementia. The good news is that these conditions can often be prevented.

Your NHS Health Check will assess your risk of developing these health problems and give you personalised advice on how to reduce it.

It is free of charge, including any follow-up tests or appointments.


Why the NHS Health Check is important


Thousands of people have already had an NHS Health Check. They are now armed with information and support to reduce their risk of developing heart and vascular problems. Why not join them?

Together, the vascular conditions identified by the NHS Health Check are the biggest cause of preventable deaths in the UK, affecting more than 4 million people.

Every year, the NHS Health Check is expected to help:

  • Save 650 lives

  • Prevent 1,600 heart attacks and strokes

  • Prevent 4,000 people from developing diabetes

  • Detect at least 20,000 cases of diabetes or kidney disease earlier.

If you want to avoid being a statistic, it is worth making an appointment for an NHS Health Check as soon as you get your invitation.

Find out more about why you should have an NHS Health Check.


How to get an NHS Health Check


You will be invited for an NHS Health Check every 5 years if you are between 40 and 74 years old, as long as you do not have an existing vascular condition.

You will usually get your NHS Health Check at a GP Practice or local pharmacy, but it could happen at other convenient places in your neighbourhood, depending on where you live. Find out more about ways to get the NHS Health Check

Even if you do not qualify yet for an NHS Health Check, there are plenty of other ways to build up a picture of your health.


What happens at the NHS Health Check


At the check, you will be asked some questions about your lifestyle and family medical history. You will also have some routine tests. From these, your healthcare professional will be able to give you an idea of your risk of heart disease, stroke, kidney disease and diabetes. As well as a breakdown of your results, you will get an overall score giving your risk of getting heart disease or stroke. If you are over 65, you will also be told the signs and symptoms of dementia, and you'll be made aware of memory services nearby.

After your results have been explained, you will be offered personalised advice and support to help stay healthy, and lower your risk if any of your results need improving. This advice could include suggestions on small changes to your diet or how much exercise you should take if your risk is low or moderate.

If you are at higher risk, your healthcare professional might want to discuss whether you should be taking medicines to control your blood pressure or cholesterol, along with help to take action such as losing weight, becoming more active or stopping smoking.

By having a routine NHS Health Check for these conditions every 5 years, you can take action early and greatly improve your chance of a longer, healthier and happier life. You may be surprised how some small, long-lasting changes to your lifestyle can make a huge difference.


How the NHS Health Check will help


Once you have had your NHS Health Check, you will have a good idea of what your risk is of developing heart disease, stroke, type 2 diabetes, kidney disease and certain types of dementia. There are some risk factors for these diseases that cannot be changed; for example, your risk increases with age. But there is a lot you can do to reduce your risk. You can:

Your NHS Health Check will give you information and support to help you reach your health goals and enjoy a better quality of life. By acting to reduce your risk, you will have more chance of dodging the debilitating and potentially disabling effects of illnesses such as diabetes and stroke.

For more details, read FAQs about the NHS Health Check.


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